They then work to develop theories that help them order or unify related facts. Too late to re-absorb Social Psychology, but not too late to create a psychologically informed Sociology. There are several ways to formulate falsification, but her e I mean something like this: scientific theories should make observable predictions and we should discard a theory if we find only one discrepancy between a prediction of the theory and an observation. He further says, historical events have record of individual roles, while sociology means ,it is study of social facts and social representations occurred by social circumstances. Then inductive reasoning is used to puzzle out major changes needed, possibly even new theories. Both sciences study some common factors of society like rural reconstruction, labor welfare, unemployment, poverty, social security, industrialization, social insurance and planning etc.
And I can confidently say after studying sociology for four years that these two are far more essential than Herbert Spencer. The problem there is that the methodology moves further away from the theory and the concepts. Hence objectivity is not possible in Sociology. History means only description ,while sociology means analysis, interpretations and classifications. That there is a believable logical link.
So what is the object area of sociology and how do its intellectual tools differ from the tools which are employed by, say, classical physicists? Sociology takes help from history in mater of present studies. Berkeley: University of California Press. On the basis of these one can find reality of human behavior. In short following are features of science. You many find some common pronunciations, but political affiliation is not 100% predictable. We have to save ourselves. These are the methodology used in several other scientific field, especially in biology.
The controversy as to the scientific or otherwise nature of sociology has not been without benefit to sociology. Economics is a social science because it … is the study of the distribution of wealth, consumptive patterns, and means of production. Instead, the growing field of epigenetics could allow us to explore how sociocultural and genetic change may occasionally spiral in positive feedback loops over the centuries. Question is, can and should sociology be a science? Social surveys and careful studies confirm ill Social values are based on careful observation and analysis of social facts. And where does the study of animal behaviour fit in to all this? Can you offer up something to pursuade me to think otherwise. Sociology can be considered a science as it involve systematic methods of empirical research, analysis of data and the assessment of theories.
It is the most influential on sociology. But more than that, all the social sciences suffer from an insecurity about their scientific legitimacy. Fear of complexity in a complex world is truly a hindrance to understanding. For this sociology came to accepted as scientific discipline. In this way he attemped to get at the origins of human conduct. As far as abstract nature is concerned, even subject matter of natural sciences are abstract.
The science of the natural matters adopted a logical and empirical method because its subject matter was easy to predict. Nowadays they established such distinguished methods and, above all, findings that very few amateurs can catch up. Sociology can help us understand the social forces that affect our behavior, beliefs, and life chances, but it can only go so far. Data is collected under the same controlled conditions and statistically analyzed by the same methods. This is partly because it is concerned with human organization, structures and behaviours. A difficult point, however, is that, contrary to what happens in the natural sciences, the amount and the speed of change in societies our own subject matter are too extensive, much more than in the natural reality of the social sciences. There isn't any need to separate ourselves from the natural context in which we exist.
All cultural elements are influenced by economic system. Studying languages, of geography, geology, and so on, also gives us useful tools. Context to them is important, as they use qualitative methods, and this helps them understand a situation. Functionalists therefore believe that human behaviour is patterned and predictable because most of us conform to social norms, values and social laws. In their view, sociology is not a science, because science only deals with laws of cause and effect, and not human meanings. I do not have enough space to give a definition of science, but these considerations will be enough to help our judgment on the status of sociology.
In lay man language we can say that there is relationship between cause and consequences. B-Cultural Anthropology which investigates the cultural remains of early man an of the living cultures of some of the primitive counterparts. When a company studies the traffic pattern of an intersection to determine if a traffic light is needed on that intersection, it is potentially saving lives. The study methods are different for both sciences. It does not possess the instruments like the microscope and the thermometer to measure human behaviour. I think Pentti has summed it up nicely.