Atticus came in and separated them. After lunch, Dill, Jem, and Scout wait for most of the people in the crowd to go inside the courthouse. However, the next day Atticus tells his children that the case isn't over yet because they can still appeal the decision. For the children at this point in the story, bravery means nothing more than accepting a dare to touch the Radley house. Chapter 14 -Aunt Alexandra doesn't want Calpurnia to work for the Finches, but Atticus had to convince Alexandra to let her stay.
Atticus is clearly nervous in his closing remarks, as even his children notice he is sweating. . The two of them then have a long conversation about the different types of people in the world, and they wonder why people just can't get along. Scout points out that he is being dishonest. Raymond's action here might also might be considered something of a cop-out. They wait longer than they should, though, and that means that they do not have anywhere to sit. Scout came out into the front room and they immediately stopped fighting and Alexandria was visibly upset.
Atticus explained in the most political way possible that Tom was clearly innocent and that Tom was just there because he was black. At the beginning of this chapter, Scout and Dill talk to Mr. Scout shut out the light and as she walked to her bed she stepped on something unusual and whatever it was moved. A patient and loving, if somewhat unusual, father, Atticus acts as the voice of reason for his children, and later the entire town. Raymond and they headed back into the court house. To Jem and Scout it was almost as if Atticus was naked because he always had every button buttoned and every article of clothing in order. After that, Scout and Dill run over to the court house in time to see Atticus give a very powerful and impressive speech on the inequality of men.
This strong foundation provides an important starting point for the story. Raymond entrusts Scout and Dill with his biggest secret; what he really drinks all day is just plain old Coca Cola, not whiskey. Dolphus tells her that Atticus is different from other men--an idea that makes her realize that she is missing the end of the cross-examination by Mr. Raymond has been drinking something out of a paper sack, and he offers some to Dill. First, she discovers that one of Maycomb's richest citizens has been deceiving others in the town, and then she hears that Tom Robinson, the man her father is defending, has been falsely accused.
It turns out to be Coca-Cola, which surprises the children. Aunt Alexandria was then trying to get Atticus to fire Calpurnia and Atticus refused and said that Calpurnia is a member of this family and that she would work there as long as she wanted. Raymond was constantly drinking whiskey but this whole time he was just drinking Coke. He gives Dill a sip of the drink in his paper bag, which the town has always believed to be alcohol. Scout immediately felt like Jem was trying to tell her what to do just like everybody else was doing and she told Jem that he had no right to tell her what to do. The trial, once again, proves to be a point at which they are forced to grow up and see the world as it is, not through the innocent lens of childhood. For example, some men are born rich and others are born poor, some people have natural talents and others do not.
To avoid conflict, he takes on a fake persona, rather than speaking up or speaking out against injustice. This maturity is foreshadowed by Jem's broken arm and the fact that the story is told in retrospect. Scout warns him to be careful because she suspects its alcohol but, as it turns out, it's only Coca-Cola. Scout and Dill decided to forgive Jem mainly because Dill had to sleep in the same room as him. Novels that deal with the formation of a maturing character are called bildungsroman or coming-of-age stories. That is not always a good thing, of course, because it can be hard for a person to see the value of growth and change. He believes that Maycomb is defined by racism, and there is simply no getting around it.
Words to the Jury Actually, the prosecutor has finished, as Scout realizes when she and Dill get back to the courtroom. After it being pointed out that they were in the balcony with the Negros, he discovers that they had been present for the whole trial. Atticus explained further to the jury that he respected Mayella but the whole reason why she was trying to get Tom killed was to save her own reputation because in Maycomb county people who loved black people were culturally outcaste and that she was trying to save her own standing in society. It is often painful, and is going to prove that way for the children - especially Jem. The Gray Ghost One in a series of pulp fiction novels written in 1926 by Robert Schulkers.
Tate recalls how Bob Ewell urged him to go to his house, and said that Mayella was raped. As it turns out, deception of another kind is the topic when Scout and Dill return to the courtroom. When Atticus finishes his closing arguments, Cal enters the courtroom. Subsequent situations and circumstances chip away at all that the children know to be true as maturity confronts them. Raymond told Scout and Dill that if he made an impression on them while they were young, they could make a difference when they were older; but he said it in a way so that they would only understand when they got older. He gets along well with the black community-even better than he gets along with the white community-but his actions are passive.
He concedes that he is, but adds, 'you see they could never, never understand that I live like I do because that's the way I want to live. Dill's fascination, in particular, leads to all sorts of games and plans to try and get Boo to come outside. Chapter 16 -Everybody is gathering around for the trial. After all, it took the jury several hours to deliberate on the case, showing that they had to really think things through before convicting Tom Robinson. Tom is not guilty, Atticus explains; Mayella is: 'she kissed a black man. Jem told Scout to wait on top of the bed and Jem made a tentative swipe under the bed. Dolphus Raymond gives Dill Coca-Cola to drink, and Dill feels better.
Atticus does not seem surprised by the trial's outcome, though he continues to optimistically believe in the good of people. The children eat in a hurry and, when they return to the courthouse, the jury is still deliberating. Dill says that they would buy him all sorts of stuff but never give him attention. Dolphus Raymond, whom they have bumped into outside the courtroom. Atticus is trying to convince the jury that Tom is innocent because of Mayella's lies: Mayella tried to seduce Tom, who did not beat her--her father Bob Ewell had. Analysis This chapter sets the tone and basis for everything else that happens in the novel.