Also, he extended support to colonial countries in their struggle for independence. In 2007, India got its first female President as was sworn in. This change is taking place on several frontiers. It adopted the Westminster model of parliamentary government as against the mixed parliamentary-bureaucratic authoritarian system inherited from British India. Hindu temples, previously open to only the higher castes, were thrown open to all. Military research and development: Military research and development has not progressed as it was predicted by the observers and hoped by the leaders.
Agriculture, Pisciculture, diary, poultry, typing, electronics, mechanical and carpentry etc. Today Indian achievements in the space technology claims high quality and recognized by all. As a part of this Jawaharlal Nehru adopted the. The number of primary schools has risen by three times from 2. After getting independence, the literacy rate of India in 1951 was constrained to 18. Infrastructure: Aspirations of Indians are soaring high. It is the ballot, and not the bullet, that reigns supreme in India.
At the end of the Second World War this supremacy had been broken and Indian entrepreneurs, advancing by rapid strides in the inter-war period, were now in a position to take over the business of the departing British. In , there were many incidents of communal violence between native villagers and refugees from Bangladesh, as well as settlers from other parts of India. Moreover, similar developments were noticed in maternal mortality rate also. Rajiv sent Indian troops to enforce the agreement and disarm the rebels, but the Indian Peace Keeping Force, as it was known, became entangled in outbreaks of violence - ultimately ending up fighting the Tamil rebels itself, and becoming a target of attack from Sri Lankan nationalists. Many rights and privileges of the rulers of the princely states, especially their personal estates and privy purses, were guaranteed to convince them to accede.
Its ruler was Raja Hari Singh. In December 2006, the Minister of Petroleum and Natural Gas issued a new policy that allows foreign investors, private domestic companies, and to hold up to 100% equity stakes in pipeline projects. But India was rocked by communal violence see between Hindus and Muslims that killed over 10,000 people, following the demolition by Hindu extremists in the course of the dispute in in 1992. Rajiv's departure from Socialist policies did not sit well with the masses, who did not benefit from the innovations. The only exception to this is the brief period of the Emergency in 1975-76, when the democratic process was halted. Later in May 1991, he was assassinated by the Sri Lankan Tamil extremists. Police officers were accused of arresting and torturing innocent people.
They pointed to the example of Pakistan, a country created explicitly to protect and further the interests of a particular religious community — the Muslims. Singh was the Prime Minister between 1989 and 1991. He remained a role model for honesty in public life. Scientific Achievements Independent India has taken confident strides in its road to scientific development. Many unknown heroes risked their lives so that all of us may breathe in freedom. Manmohan Singh became the first and non- to hold India's most powerful office.
Research should be undertaken on animal yokes and methods of hitching with a view to improve their working efficiency. We all curse British, but become eagerly excited, over-enthusiast ic when we get an opportunity to go abroad, like to the Big Apple. Upto 1990-91, 29 Zonal Blood testing centres had been established. In the , the won a convincing and resounding 262 seats, with Congress alone winning 206 seats. For the first time a non-Congress ministry was formed after independence. The then-Chief Minister of son of former Chief Minister announced an alliance with the ruling Congress party for the elections of 1987.
Simultaneously, Madras was created as a Tamil- speaking state. To control this disease, iodized salt is provided to people and awareness among people is created through mass media to use iodized salt. The partition led to a of more than 10 million people between India and Pakistan and the death of about one million people. India has falsified all the prophecies of doom. With the new Constitution, he said, India was going to enter into a life of contradictions. Caste system in India 6.
But he also realized the importance of the democratic values. Then India invented many advanced satellites and research materials. Ambedkar was appointed as the Chairman of the Drafting Committee. Since then 'Akash' surface to air long range missile, Trishul', 'Nag' and recently 'Prithvi' surface to surface short range missible have been launched. Infrastructure: No doubt the infrastructure of our country has shown immense improvement with the emergence of highways, toll bridge, metros etc.
To the problem of unity was added the problem of development. Atomic Energy India was one of the first countries in the world to recognize the importance of nuclear energy. They came an era of more intensive planning and reorganization on a wider scale. One can construe the picture of a man who is bed-ridden, invalid and too old to respond to any kind of treatment. Manyforeign observers had felt that India could not survive as a single country, that it would break up into many parts, with each region or linguistic group seeking to form a nation of its own. In the 60s, the sector employed only 4.
But output was very low. The majority of Indian are belongs to rural area. It is the only country in Asia that has remained democratic ever since it attained its independence from British rule. Let's check out the development of the education system in India after independence, with the help of some statistics and information about the government's initiatives. In 1949, India recorded almost 1 million Hindu refugees into and other states from , owing to communal violence, intimidation and repression from Muslim authorities. Many economists, military analysts and think tanks expect India to become a. At that time a new international body — the United Nations — formed in 1945 was in its infancy.