A number of those are studied by climatologists as being indices of patterns of climate. For example, the record highest and lowest temperatures at Fairbanks, Alaska, are 37. It also loses heat moreslowly then land. Mountains affect the nearby climate by influencing the distribution of precipitation. Some were fairly short; others spanned hundreds of thousands of years.
These forests are dominated by boradleaf- evergreen plants, which keep most of their leaves year round. While short-term weather prediction has become more accurate in the last decade or so, the accurate prediction of actual possible climate changes remains elusive. . By studying weather records, atmospheric scientists may be able to predict the weather ahead on scales of weeks to months with greater accuracy and modify more successfully the weather to increase precipitation or ameliorate severe storms. A - Tropical Moist Climates: all months have average temperatures above 18Â° Celsius. While those that are at higher elevations away from the ocean … and equator tend to be cooler and drier.
When it's windy it is colder and when there is less wind it is warmer. The greatest temperature change during a 24-hour period in the United States occurred in Billings, Mont. Kilimanjaro in Africa, can have cold temperatures if its elevation is high enough. As distance from sea increases, this effect decreases and places experience extreme weather conditions continentality. There are basically 6 factors affecting India's climate. Heat from the sun keeps the Earth's average temperature at about 60°F 16°C , within a range that allows for biological life and maintains the planet's life-sustaining reservoirs of liquid water.
However, the air is also quite moist as it travels over the Atlantic ocean. Topography The Topography of an area can greatly influence our climate. Conversely, in the summer months, warm air and sunlight heat up the Northern Hemisphere. Wind Patterns As the seasons change, so do the wind patterns. Latitude - Distance north or south of equator 2. The more direct sunlight received, the warmer the climate, which is why the poles are colder than the equator. Distance from the sea 2.
Similarly, winds blowing from equatorial regions are warm and bring heat, while the winds blowing from the polar regions are cold. These palnts are adampted to fires so that the roots are not destroyed and so that seeds can germinate from them. Local geography, including distance from the ocean and nearness to mountains, also has a significant influence. Simplistically, the only two major factors that determine climate are time and weather. Under the influence of the trade winds, warm water near the equator flows from east to west.
Those living near the water will experience breezy, moist weather, when the warm air from the land meets the cooler air from the water and and rises, making for a windy climate with precipitation. The Himalayas prevent the cold winds from Central Asia from entering the subcontinent. Each period profoundly affected plant and animal life. These are to name a few that i can … think of, i hope this is useful There are basically 6 factors affecting India's climate. Because it is a fluid, the ocean diffuses the effects of a temperature change for great distances through vertical mixing and convective movements. These winds are cool in the summer, mild in the winter and tend to bring wet weather.
That is why you may see snow on the top of mountains all year round. The Gulf of Mexico has higher air temperatures than Britain as it is closer to the equator. Clouds form when warm air from inland areas meets cool air from the sea. However, such high-yielding varieties of crops require large quantities of fertilizers; and more fertilizer means more emissions of nitrous oxide, both from the field into which it is put and the fertilizer industry that makes it. Proximity to the equator 6. Because of a slow rate of decomposition, these forests accumuate a thick layer of slowly decaying leaf litter.
Precipitation, latitude, trapping of heat, winds and ocean currents, shape and elevations of land masses. Earth sits at a tilt of 22. This is why beaches along the continental pacific coast never really have warm water compared to the Atlantic coast even in summer. On the wet side, the mountain forces air to rise, the air cools and releases snow and rain. E - Polar Climates: with extremely cold winters and summers 1. The shape of the volcano depends very much on the type of lava. For example, changes appear to be happening faster near the poles than in many other places.