Charles Metcalfe, 1835-1836: Lord William Bentinck was succeeded by Sir Charles Metcalfe as Governor-General as a stop gap. Sleeman to suppress the Thugees and to eliminate the menace altogether Sleeman succeeded in obtaining secret information about the dens of the Thugees from one of the Thugees named Feringhia and suppressed them totally during 1829-30. Resident Macnaghten was compelled to sign a dishonourable agreement with the Afghans by which Dost Mohammad was to be set free by the British, all British Troops had to be withdrawn from Afghanistan. Viceroys of India 1858 — 1947 Lord Canning 1858 — 1862 : He is the last Governor-General and first Viceroy of India. These men has made some certain laws and taken decisions and acts which favoured and hampered the growth of the country.
The narrow selfishness and unnecessary repression demonstrated by the British at the time of occupation of Nagpur and Oudh roused the universal hatred towards the British. He also razed the fort of Imamgarh to the ground in order to terrorise the Amirs. Having been defeated in several engagements, the Persian forces were compelled to leave Herat and pledged not to follow any policy of invasion against Afghanistan. The bank's fifteenth governor, , later became India's thirteenth prime minister. In the same year Elephinstone Institution of Bombay was established. When Lord Hastings had successfully liquidated the Pindary menace, Bodowpaya sent a communication to him claiming from Dacca, Cossimbazar, etc.
He resigned and left India thoroughly discredited and disgraced. In retaliation Lord Dalhousie occupied a small part of Sikkim in 1850. Congress and league both rejected its proposals. He founded a new party called Swatantra Party. He did not venture to act according to the directive of the Court of Directors.
The Amirs were all banished from their states and for four years that Charles Napier was in charge of Sind he carried on a policy of repression. Now we will discuss in detail governor general of India list and important events during their rule. The Indian Penal Code 1859 was passed. Lord Mayo 1864 — 1872 : He started the process of financial decentralization in India. At the very initial stage of the war Dost Mohammad was defeated and deposed by the English. Social Reforms: Among varied reforms undertaken by Bentinck the social reforms were decidedly the more important and he is remembered more for these in the history of India.
His name is important for exam. Dalhousie made Nana Sahib and the Rani of Jhansi inveterate enemies or the British and thereby prepared the path for the Revolt Of 1857 by stopping the allowance of the former and annexing the kingdom of the latter. The inaugural officeholder was the British banker , while was the first Indian governor. The peace and prosperity that had come to Punjab as a result of the British rule earned the gratitude of the Sikhs and they unhesitatingly helped the British in the Second Anglo-Burmese War and in the suppression of the Revolt of 1857. The treaty was supplemented by a commercial pact. In Jaipur and Gwalior there were internal troubles but Bentinck would not intervene in these troubles for his policy was one of non-intervention in the internal affairs of the native States. The new ideas made its impact on the Committee of Public Instruction and its members which included Alexander Duff, were divided into two rival groups called the Orientalists and the Anglicists.
These activities were not approved by the Warren Hastings. The designation 'Viceroy', although it was most frequently used in ordinary parlance, had no statutory authority, and was never employed by Parliament. He was Father-in-law of Gandhi's son Devdas Gandhi. In the meantime Campbell had succeeded in occupying Prome. However when India became a republic in 1950 he was no longer king of that country, however he remained king of Pakistan until his death in 1952.
In 1848 the king of Satara died without a natural heir but he had adopted a son without the permission of the Company. It is also mentioning important works and policies during their tenure. Swaraj Party was formed in India. But during the First Afghan war Auckland disregarding the treaty of 1832, sent British troops through Sind. He organized Statistical survey of India. Lord Lytton 1876 — 1880 : He was the most infamous viceroy in India.
He was also known as the liberal Governor-General. Lord Amherst 1823-1828 His tenure was known for First Anglo Burmese War 1824-26 and Mutiny of Barrackpur 1824 Lord William Bentick 1828-1835 Lord William Henry Cavendish-Bentinck Lord William Bentick was British Soldier and Statesman. The British Resident David Ochterlony took side of the minor son of the deceased king but as the news reached Lord Amherst, Ochterlony was reprimanded for this intervention. Sir John Macpherson 1785-1786 He held the post temporarily. In 1781, he founded the Calcutta Madrasa, for promotion of Islamic studies. But there were no attacks from the Marathas. This caused a great stir and resentment among the Barrackpore Sepoys.
As the Burmese king did not agree to come to terms with the British, Dalhousie declared that the whole of Pegu was within the British empire. Passed Local Self Government act in 1882. He was also lacking in far-sight to deal with the problems of the time. Many bridges were constructed and work on Grand Trunk Road was started. But in 1851 some British traders were manhandled by the Burmese and they also suffered in their trade. Opened telegraph line with Europe.