From the Dialogue on the Government of Florence wr. Machiavelli liked to move from general theory to the particular, Guicciardini from the particular to the general. The History of Italy Title page of 1583 edition of Storia d'Italia Guicciardini is best known as the author of the Storia d'Italia History of Italy , which provides a detailed account of politics in the Italian Peninsula between 1490 and 1534. Francesco Guicciardini's sixteenth-century History of Italy is one of the most widely respected classics of Renaissance historiography. Guicciardini advised an alliance with France and urged Clement to conclude the League of Cognac in 1526, which led to war with Charles V. Although Cesare managed to seize the remnants of the Papal treasury for his own use, he was unable to secure Rome itself, as French and Spanish armies converged on the city in an attempt to influence the ; the election of who soon died, to be replaced by stripped Cesare of his titles and relegated him to commanding a company of men-at-arms. The best thing I can say for the book is that it left me dissatisfied and forced me to look elsewhere.
In 1516 appointed him governor of Modena and later of Reggio and Parma, which he successfully defended against the French in 1521. In his masterpiece, The History of Italy, Guicciardini paved the way for a new style in historiography with his use of government sources to support arguments and the realistic analysis of the people and events of his time. I am hoping that the Boston Public Library will publish all 10 volumes in paperback some day for those who, like me, enjoy book versions. In early October, advanced on Bologna, splitting the Papal forces; by 18 October, he was only a few miles from the city. In 1508 he married Maria Salviati, who bore him seven daughters. Like his friend Niccolò Machiavelli, he wrote his most important works during a period of political disgrace. Guicciardini supported Cosimo as duke of Florence; nevertheless, Cosimo dismissed him shortly after rising to power.
Second, the English: Alexander fancies himself as a stylist but fails miserably. In 1531 Guicciardini became the governor of Bologna, but in 1534 resigned his post. Julius attempted to secure Papal authority in Italy by creating the League of Cambrai, an alliance aimed at curbing Venetian power. Sensing Cesare's weakness, the dispossessed lords of the Romagna offered to submit to the in exchange for aid in regaining their dominions; the Venetian Senate accepted and had taken possession of , and a number of other cities by the end of 1503. Guicciardini gets mentioned as a historian in the same rank as Herodotus, Thucydides, Tacitus and Gibbon, but I'd rank him slightly below those figures-- he's a fantastic narrative historian, who unlike Gibbon has no patience for grand theories, and instead remains fascinated by the capricious nature of humanity.
Fenton, 1579, Austin Parke Goddard, 10 vols. During his time in Spain, the Medici regained power in Florence. It should bring us back there; we should not only understand it, we should be permeated. In response, Julius concluded an alliance with and the against Venice; the death of and the resulting collapse of relations between the parties soon dissolved the alliance, but not before Venice had been induced to abandon several of the cities. A History of the Art of War in the Sixteenth Century. After the return to power of the Medici in Florence and the elevation to the papacy of Cardinal Giovanni de' Medici as , Guicciardini insisted upon being recalled, arriving home in January 1514.
He also summarises the circumstances and options that faced different rulers in times of crises. This work, translated into all Western European languages, is an eyewitness account of the period from 's expedition 1494 to 's death 1534. See also Florence ; Habsburg-Valois Wars ; Historiography ; Machiavelli, Niccol ò ; Political Philosophy ; Republicanism. But to clarify what was ambiguous in the original is not translation but explication. For this the city of Florence, which had expelled the Medici, declared him an outlaw.
Hence they placed great emphasis on the character of individual leaders and their advisors, and the process of deliberation. His other works include Storia fiorentina 1509 , Relazione di Spagna ca. If you wish to enjoy the full history, I would suggest reading the unabridged on-line translation from the John Adams Library at the Boston Public Library on the American Archives On-Line Library. The new alliance rapidly grew to include not only Spain and the Holy Roman Empire which abandoned any pretense of adhering to the League of Cambrai in hopes of from and Lombardy from Louis , but also who, having decided to use the occasion as an excuse to expand his holdings in northern France, concluded the Treaty of Westminster—a pledge of mutual aid against the French—with Ferdinand on 17 November 1511. Julius now , thus justifying an attack on the itself; in anticipation of his coming victory, the Pope traveled to , so as to be nearby when Ferrara was taken.
On 15 April 1509, Louis left Milan at the head of a French army and moved rapidly into Venetian territory. The agreement provided for the complete dismemberment of Venice's territory in Italy and for its partition among the signatories: Maximilian, in addition to regaining , would receive , Vicenza, and the ; France would annex , , and to its Milanese possessions; Ferdinand would seize ; and the remainder, including and , would be added to the Papal States. This pope was of the house. The , thus reignited, would then continue until 1530 without significant interruption. While these may not always be strictly history, they are still useful by presenting contemporary perspectives on historic events, and can challenge our modern assumptions. Guicciardini was on a somewhat higher social standing than his friend, but through their letters, a relaxed, comfortable relationship between the two emerges.
Francesco Guicciardini was born in Florence into a prominent mercantile family. In that year, his descendants opened the Guicciardini family archives and committed to Giuseppe Canestrini the publication of his memoirs in ten volumes. Julius, although unsatisfied with his gains, did not himself possess sufficient forces to fight the Republic; for the next two years he instead occupied himself with the reconquest of Bologna and , which, located between Papal and Venetian territory, had in the meantime assumed a status of quasi-independence. It is marked by extreme simplicity and directness of style. Aware that much of the French army would be diverted to deal with the impending English invasion, Foix and Alfonso d'Este besieged , the last Papal stronghold in the Romagna, in hopes of forcing the Holy League into a decisive engagement. His Storia d'Italia became the classic history of Italy--both a brilliant portrayal of t In 1537 Francesco Guicciardini, adviser and confidant to three popes, governor of several central Italian states, ambassador, administrator, military captain--and persona non grata with the ruling Medici after the siege of Florence--retired to his villa to write a history of his times. Like his friend Niccolò Machiavelli, he wrote his most important works during a period of political disgrace.
By this time he was disillusioned with the ambition and greed of the popes and decided to seek his fortune by allying with the clan. It was not until 1561 that the first sixteen of the twenty books of his History of Italy were published. His Storia d'Italia became the classic history of Italy--both a brilliant portrayal of the Renaissance and a penetrating vision into the tragedy and comedy of human history in general. It is necessary then to honour them, that they may be encouraged to convey the knowledge of your illustrious deeds to futurity. Florence: The Biography of a City.