He was also, however, removed from the governorship and would never again wield much power in the New World. Corts expired in Spain in 1547. They reached the capital of the Aztec empire on November 8, 1519. In addition, there were constant accusations against Cortes. Cortes wasn't interested in becoming a lawyer and returned home when he was sixteen.
He came from a respected military family but was a rather sickly child. Mexico was just newly discovered when Hernan Cortes was allowed to lead a small expedition to explore. Luis Ponce de Leon then arrested Cortes and had him tried. In early November the expedition reached the shores of Lake Texcoco. He found out that his men had killed King Montezuma. King Charles I of Spain also called Holy Roman Emperor Charles V made him the governor of New Spain the following year. He was able to defeat the larger Spanish force and force the surviving soldiers to join his cause.
News of his accomplishments and power has reached Charles V of Spain. By this time he had fallen out of favor in Spain again and could barely even gain an audience with the king of Spain. Meanwhile Cortes was busy killing the natives who had previously lived in the Americas. Only then did his name and activities begin to become public knowledge and of interest. There he strategically aligned some indigenous individuals against other people to overthrow them. Cortés relied on native translators and guides to communicate with the natives, and travel the land. He found out that a number of other tribes didn't like their Aztec rulers.
On March 25, 1519, in the Cintla Valley, the two sides fought in a battle known as the Battle of Cintla. The death of a civilization did not come easy and throughout Cortes showed an uncanny ability to lead men through some of the darkest moments. They had a son named Martin. He wanted to travel and see new lands. He signed up with an expedition to the New World led by Nicolás de Ovando, who was the governor of Hispaniola. Further Reading on Hernán Cortés The Letters of Cortés was edited by F.
Hernan Cortes Fact 3: As a bored and mischievous sixteen year old boy he was fascinated by the stories of Christopher Columbus and the New World. Velazquez liked Cortes and helped Cortes to rise in the government. Shortly after, the Aztecs attacked the Spanish along the coast which resulted in Cortes taking Montezuma hostage in retaliation and making him swear allegiance to Charles I of Spain. Suspected of poisoning new leadership, he returned to Spain in 1528. MacNutt in three volumes in 1908. He defeated the force and then recruited its soldiers into his force. She was bilingual so she spoke both Aztec and Mayan languages, which made her very useful to Cortés.
When Cortes found out that the people at Cholula planned to kill him in his sleep, he killed around 3,000 nobles, priests, and warriors. Massacre at Cholula Cortes next arrived at the city of Cholula. With 600 men, he began one of the most audacious feats in history: the conquest of the Aztec Empire, which at that time had tens if not hundreds of thousands of warriors. He left Tenochtitlán to face the opposing Spaniards. He began founding cities and expanding the influence of the Spanish Crown all over the New World. The trip however would have to be postponed as Cortés suffered a minor injury preventing him from travelling straight away.
Seems impossible, but this is just what Hernan Cortes did when he conquered Mexico for Spain in 1519. He also used a native woman, Doña Marina, as interpreter; she would later bear a son for Cortés. Activities Take a ten question about this page. In the intermediate years, the various officials sent to help Cortes administer the new territory diminished his own power. In 1541, he participated in an unsuccessful expedition to Algiers where he nearly drowned when his ship was sunk.
Hernan Cortez biography - the New World Finally, in 1504, Hernan Cortes boarded a ship commanded by Alonso Quintero, departing for the west. When Velazquez conquered Cuba, he became governor. This whole new empire was then renamed New Spain. He came from a fairly famous family and his father was a captain in the Spanish army. He did learn a little Latin, and became good at writing.
He had been appointed the governor, yet was removed from power after returning from a trip to Honduras in 1524. Hernan Cortes Fact 8: During 1511 he would accompany Diego Velazquez on an expedition to master Cuba and once this was accomplished Cortés settled there and made himself quite a man of substance. A whole other Hernan Cortez biography could be written about this time in his life. Holl Going to the New World Cortes sailed for the New World in 1504. He remained there until his death in 1547.
Eventually, he married the sister-in-law of Governor Velázquez, Catalina Xuárez. In 1528 he returned to Spain to plead his case for more power. Settling in the newest town of Aza, Corts served as a notary for a number of years. But even this great welcome would not hold Cortes in Spain. Velazquez was appointed as governor of Cuba and made Cortes his clerk to the treasurer. MacNutt, Fernando Cortés and the Conquest of Mexico 1909 ; Salvador de Madariaga, Hernán Cortés, Conqueror of Mexico 1942 , a fictionalized biography; and H.