To achieve this goal, the very act of approaching and stepping into a church had to become more of an experience; one that would envelope the faithful in Catholic symbolism and mystery. It began to evolve in 18th-century France, and was primarily seen as a comeuppance which compensated for the Baroque-inspired Château de Versailles. We don't know why primitive people began building geometric structures. It is true that the eight columns of the entrance, the giant order of pilasters, the massive entablature, and the attic, are as Michelangelo intended. For more about 17th century building designs, see:. In place of the appreciation of logic that such an effect implied, Baroque substituted the pursuit of the unexpected, of 'effect', as it would be called in the theatre.
Initially used to express the triumph of the Roman Catholic Church over Protestant Reformation, the architectural style later also came to be used as a visual demonstration of absolutist regime in the form of magnificent palaces. Overview: The Baroque Period The Baroque is a period of artistic style that started around 1600 in Rome , Italy, and spread throughout the majority of Europe during the 17th and 18th centuries. The arches connecting one column or one pilaster to the next became no longer restricted, as in the Renaissance, to a semi-circle but were often elliptical or oval. French Baroque Architecture Personal variations apart, Italian Baroque could be said to correspond almost completely to the norms described. The result was a gentle, playful style typified by pastel colours and delicate, asymmetrical decoration.
The oval, producing a precisely opposite effect, that of confusion and uncertainty, and above all, of movement, was in the same way a favourite motive with Baroque architects. Carlo alle Quattro Fontane or S. Strongly influenced by the views of the Jesuits the Baroque is sometimes referred to as 'the Jesuit Style' , architecture, painting and sculpture were to work together to create a unified effect. Furthermore, in the facade the elements - columns, pilasters, cornices, or pediments - projecting from the wall surface, related in various ways to the centre, which thus came to dominate the sides. One is the four- story baldachin that stands over the high altar. Mendelsohn and Russian-born English architect Serge Chermayeff 1900-1996 won the competition to design the in Britain. He painted The Calling of St.
The Churriguera family, which specialized in designing altars and retables, revolted against the sobriety of the Herrerian classicism and promoted an intricate, exaggerated, almost capricious style of surface decoration known as the Churrigueresque. Outstanding practitioners in Italy included , , , and. Famous Baroque Painters and Paintings Here is a short list of the greatest of the Baroque Period, together with some of their works: 1560-1609 of the 1590-1630 - Christ Wearing the Crown of Thorns 1585-7, Gemaldegalerie, Dresden - 1590s, Rome - Flight into Egypt 1604, Doria Gallery, Rome Together with his brother 1557-1602 , and cousin 1555-1619 , Annibale founded an art academy called the Accademia dei Desiderosi, later renamed the Academy of the Progressives Accademia degli Incamminati. Church of Saint Yves at La Sapienza, Rome. To the French, Italian exuberance verged on the indecorous, if not wilfulness and bad taste. While the full-blown Baroque aesthetic full Baroque was embraced in southern Western Europe, northern Western Europe struck a classical-Baroque compromise restrained Baroque.
After the collapse of Austria-Hungary and the downfall of the Habsburgs in 1918, the palace became owned by the Republic of Austria and was eventually opened to the public as a museum. The most immediate result of the style and splendor established by the Palace of Versailles was the development of the hôtel particulier, a private urban villa that mimicked the layout of the palace on a miniature scale. These are just a few examples. Its impact in Britain can be seen in the works of. The focus of the florid ornamentation is an elaborately sculptured surround to a main doorway. Whereas a naturalistic treatment rendered the religious image more accessible to the average churchgoer, dramatic and illusory effects were used to stimulate devotion and convey the splendour of the divine.
Conditioned by the realist tastes of its middle-class patrons, such towering masters as , , and remained largely independent of the Baroque in important respects, but many art texts nonetheless equate them with the style. Alfege Greenwich, London, England; St. Regarded as one of the iconic masterpieces of Baroque architecture, this tiny church, with a footprint of barely 2500 sq. Fascination for medieval Gothic architecture was reawakened in the 19th and 20th centuries. A soft yellow sedimentary stone, called Bath stone, has been used to face all the buildings built there since the mid-1700s. Known as the New Style in France, was first expressed in fabrics and graphic design.
Thus it is almost synonymous with of the period. The greatest of the Spanish builders, , shows most fully the Spanish interest in surface textures and lush detail. But like any great catastrophe, the fire provided the opportunity to start with a clean slate and begin a remodeling after the great baroque examples seen in France and Italy. Subsequently the word came to denote any contorted idea or involuted process of thought. Following the example of the Luxembourg Palace 1615-1645 in Paris, Le Vau established a sober, uniform style with Château de Vaux-le-Vicomte, which was characterized by symmetry, repetition and the impression of solidity and strength. He wanted to place a third portico, as a terminal structure between the two semicircles.
Francesco Castelli 1599-1667 , better known by the name he adopted for himself, , designed a church with a ground-plan in the shape of a bee, in honour of the patron who commissioned it, whose family coat-of-arms featured bees; and another with walls that were throughout alternately convex and concave. Another characteristic example is the Church of St. In general, however, the desire to evoke emotional states by appealing to the senses, often in dramatic ways, underlies its manifestations. Thus, it may not be considered an altogether independent style; it is, in fact, an evolved form of Baroque. Until the late 19th century the term always carried the implication of odd, exaggerated, and overdecorated.
The Baroque architecture of Belgium and the Netherlands likewise bears the mark of French inspiration. Here we see at its highest his unique ability for producing an effect of unlimited space by optical illusion, the inclusion of picturesque vistas, and by tricks of lighting. Perrault attacked established Italian theory. All these confrontations and struggles resulted in a diverse social, religious and political landscape in 17th and 18th century Europe. In this photo gallery you will find buildings and structures that illustrate important periods and styles from prehistoric days through modern times. No one dared again to subject the foundations to the weight of fresh building. The term Baroque probably derived from the Italian word barocco, which philosophers used during the to describe an obstacle in schematic logic.
In informal usage, the word baroque describes something that is elaborate and highly detailed. To this end the church adopted a conscious artistic program whose art products would make an overtly emotional and sensory appeal to the faithful. Baroque architecture and its embellishments were on one hand more accessible to the emotions and on the other hand, a visible statement of the wealth and power of the Catholic Church. Indeed, it holds a rightful place among the greatest ecclesiastical structures of the Baroque epoch. That's why I like so much.