In addition to these details the Schaffer method also suggest approximately how many words should go in each section as well as the ratio or sentence distribution depending on the type of paper that is being written. However this time I had no time due to some urgent issues. If you do not understand a term, ask! And though this formula is generally introduced and utilized amongst high school students, others may also benefit from it as well possibly if faced with a blank page and no idea where to start! The main objective of the commentary is to explain how the evidence supports the writer's primary point, argument or objective. In the above paragraph the ratio is 1:2. I first have students write independent paragraphs about a given idea. The commentary sentences should not introduce any new evidence but rather work with the information that has already been provided by analyzing, interpreting, and expanding upon it. The multi-paragraph essay structure was coined by Jane Schaffer in an effort to provide students and teachers with a consistent and proven formula for constructing essays.
You may answer questions like: o How does this event, moment in time, demonstrate Odysseus as an epic hero, or not? These might be insights, comments, analysis, interpretations, inferences, responses, evaluations, explication, or reflection. You can tell it's specific if you can find it on a single page. Neither you, nor the coeditors you shared it with will be able to recover it again. Consider what will eventually go on your shaping pages. The following terms relate to Schaffer's paragraph structure and are listed in the order that they should appear when written.
A literary analysis essay makes a claim about literature. Commentary Your opinion or comments about something, not concrete detail. This method calls for the following order of sentence writing; a topic sentence b concrete detail c two commentary sentences d and a concluding sentence. A true hero would be honest with the men who help and trust him but Odysseus proves to be a coward. An approach to writing any high school academic essay Jane Schaffer Writing Some of these you've heard before, and some you haven't. Introduction 0r introductory paragraph First paragraph. Concrete Detail The concrete detail that is provided after the topic sentence is simply a statement that supports what was previously mentioned.
What a typewriter looks like! Or, what is unheroic about this moment? Some of you like bubble clusters, spider diagrams, outlines, lists, or columns. But like many formulas, with specific guidelines and structures, you may be tempted to ask the questions; All of this for an essay? Though some are obvious, some may need a little clarification. The paragraph only makes up one of many paragraphs in an essay, and are more mechanical in nature including the introduction and conclusion. For instance, for a concrete detail you may choose to provide. These are two of the five basic sentence types that are to be included in Schaffer's paragraph format. It closes up the thoughts and gives insight to the next paragraph. It does not include concrete detail, and is all commentary.
And the key terms to remember in doing so are concrete detail and commentary. Remember testing policy: No talking to anyone No cheating like looking around the room, at your phone, or any other suspicious behavior Stay quiet until told otherwise Thank you! Actually, I was not sure if you are able to complete this task. Example 2: If it is not stopped, statistics show that the world will be drastically hurt. This states the point of the entire essay. Concluding sentence Last sentence in the body paragraph. Conclude whether Odysseus is or is not a hero. Steps in Writing the Paragraph Prewriting The process of getting your ideas together especially concrete details.
It may include several things and is essentially a fact, or something know to be true as it relates to the topic. Your conclusion statement should properly synthesize all of the information in the paragraph and relate back to the topic sentence. The order of your shaping page sentences. This sentence contains analysis, interpretation, character feelings, opinions, inference, insight, reasons, or color commentator. This is all commentary, and gives a finished feeling to the paragraph. What does an essay look like? Includes a thesis, usually at the end.
Topic Sentence The topic sentence of a paragraph is simply the main idea and should reflect the primary concept or message that is being conveyed. You will have four or more paragraphs: introduction, body paragraphs, and concluding paragraph. Along with providing supportive evidence the concrete detail sentence should also be properly written. The schaffer paragraph When using the Schaffer method, effective paragraph construction is essential. Concrete Details Specific details form the backbone of the paragraph.
Body Paragraph The middle, meaty paragraphs in your essay. Example 2: Therefore, global warming is top priority and cannot be ignored. Finally, they write the introductory paragraph around their thesis and a conclusion. Some Essay Terms Schaffer, Jane. This is your best work that you turn in to your teacher! Essay A piece of writing that gives your thoughts about a subject. Will definetely continue my cooperation with you and will reccomend you to my friends! Schaffer's format ensures that each paragraph is fully developed by designating specific types of sentences, a set number for these sentences 5-8 to be exact and a specific order when composing them. Meaning that the detail is not simply placed alone in the paragraph.
Example 1: As a result, she becomes a princess. Concluding Sentence Finally, each paragraph should end with a formal conclusionary statement. Peer Edits You will peer edit your paragraphs on, or near, February 24th. A few are mentioned below. There can be several commentary lines depending on the length of your paragraphs. Example 2: Global warming is a world problem and needs to be stopped.
The conclusion sentence of a paragraph should be insightful but does not have to be as comprehensive as the ones found in the conclusion of an. This is called a one-chunk body paragraph and is the most basic Schaffer model. It is the smallest unit of unified thought in our essay. The instructions are plain and simple and hard to misinterpret. Ratio 1 part concrete detail to 2 + parts commentary. It should be either facts, examples, illustrations, evidence, support, plot references, , , quotations, plot summary, etc.