As a sling suffers from the rigors of continued service, the design factor and the sling's ultimate strength are proportionately reduced. Secure portable dockboards in position, either by anchoring or equipping with devices which prevent their slipping. This will reduce bending, stretching, or twisting. When you lift materials, always bend at the knees and transfer more of the weight of the package to your leg muscles. Every worker and supervisor has a safety role to play in handling and storing materials. Corrections could include repositioning bins and moving employees closer to parts and conveyors.
Provide lift-assist devices, and lift tables. Yet, the improper handling and storing of materials can cause costly injuries. Conversely, larger wires of less flexible ropes are better able to withstand abrasion. No attempt has been made to treat the topic exhaustively. Structural steel, bar stock, poles, and other cylindrical materials, unless in racks, must be stacked and blocked to prevent spreading or tilting. When stacking, consider the need for availability of the material. New wire rope slings have a design factor of 5.
Slings shall not be shortened with knots or bolts or other makeshift devices. Material handling tasks should be designed to minimize the weight, range of motion, and frequency of the activity. Bird cage -- Wire rope strands are untwisted and become spread outward. Bags and bundles must be stacked in interlocking rows to remain secure. When ever possible use: Trucks Forklifts Dollies Carts Wheelbarrows Hoists Save your back and increase job efficiency by using the right tool for the right job. This presentation is not a substitute for any of the provisions of the Occupational Safety and Health Act of 1970 or for any standards issued by the U.
Is there safe working space for workers, pallet jacks, forklifts, or trucks? Stacking and Storage Proper stacking and storage is an essential part of materials handling and good housekeeping no matter what kind of worksite you're at. Adjusting the forks outward for wide loads, helps you to center the load, and make it more stable. Visually inspect before each use. These strands and wires will not return to their original positions. As you would at work, use wall brackets, shelving, and other storage systems in order to put materials at the right height.
Signs warning of falling materials shall be posted at each level. Abuse — Abuse will cause a wire rope sling to become unsafe long before any other factor. Do you have enough workers to do the job right? Do not use synthetic web slings of polyester and nylon at temperatures in excess of 180 deg. Additional inspections shall be performed during sling use, where service conditions warrant. Planning Each Move Materials should be moved only when necessary. Synthetic webbing shall be of uniform thickness and width and selvage edges shall not be split from the webbing's width.
Is there a danger of contact with power lines? Is the vehicle operator skilled enough for the job at hand? Failure is the result of the development of small cracks under repeated applications of bending loads. Proper labels affixed and visible? Damaged or defective slings shall be immediately removed from service. By improving your handling procedures your safety record will improve. When stacking materials two or more tiers high, the bottom tier must be chocked on each side to prevent shifting in either direction. Struck by accidents accounted for 22% of all injuries in construction in 2000. When placing blocks under a load: - Ensure the load is not released until hands are removed from under the load.
When driving an empty truck, travel in reverse up an incline, and forward down an incline. Keep your load tilted back. Good housekeeping, proper lifting and loading procedures, and proper packaging are all important. However, this requirement shall not operate to preclude the use of another form of splice or connection which can be shown to be as efficient and which is not otherwise prohibited. Make sure you find out what type and size of pallets will be used on loads you expect to receive. For more information, refer to current applicable Occupational Health and Safety Legislation. Pallets and Safety Use of pallets for loading and handling materials is extensive throughout the construction industry.
Abrasive Wear — The ability to withstand abrasion is determined by the size, number of wires, and construction of the rope. This will reduce the strain on your back. This presentation addresses handling and storing of materials using manual and machine lifting e. Safety All the Way Every material handling operation is different. Whatever the task, don't let your family see you doing it the wrong way.