This non-personal view of organizations followed a formal structure where rules, formal legitimate authority and competence were characteristics of appropriate management practices. Each position is defined by its specialized duties for which employees are selected on the basis of their technical expertise. Characteristics of A well-defined formal hierarchy and chain of command distinguishes the level of authority within an organization. Bureaucratic systems were to be structured hierarchically, with those at the top having far greater power and discretion than those at the bottom. He has emphasised that bureaucratic type of power is the ideal one. Official Rules: A basic and most emphasised feature of bureaucratic organisation is that administrative process is continuous and governed by official rules.
Many authors have questioned the validity of bureaucracy. Authority, according to Weber In 1947 as quoted in R. First of all, it is due to the fact that bureaucracy today actively uses the modern information technologies that are expeditious means of rationalising management activities. Proponents of bureaucracy look at these formalized rules to bring about efficiency and predictability in results. Business orangization are in free enconomies.
Classical management theory was introduced in the late 19th century during. This might sound dystopian, seeing organization working like machines but this is quite an advantage because this enables management to focus on coordinating effort and success. This makes the process slow, according to proponents. Accordance with the division of functions and positions, hierarchical management principles established system of administrative power. They added that even in a business which uses bureaucracy, employees might not be able to withstand doing the same work daily. Each level of management should be controlled by the level of management above it in the hierarchy and they should control the lower management below them. Authority, Charismatic authority, Leadership 573 Words 3 Pages thinking occurred and the question was asked, What are the alternatives if bureaucracy it not working in an organization? Bureaucratic organisation is the antithesis of ad hoc, temporary, and temporary and unstable relations.
Critics are arguing that with the certain steps needed to carry out tasks and the need to follow a chain of command to proceed, lots of time can be lost especially if decisions and results are needed immediately. For example, Megan should refrain from spending time outside of work with her employees. The bureaucratic structure gives all the importance and power to the top level management. More: By tradition, weber meant values and beliefs passed from generation to generation. Additionally, bureaucracies are bound by many rules. Bureaucracy as a key area of using these rules, laws and regulations is one of the main results of this rationalization process. People in favor of bureaucracy claim that with the regulations and procedure to be followed in order to achieve results, the risks of favoring some individuals over others will be minimal if not none at all.
Principles of Bureaucracy theory Bureaucracy theory is based on leadership expertise and is very useful in large organizations. What are the pros and cons of working in a bureaucracy?. According to Weber power educes. Further it is reliable, precise and stable, these are all terms that are desired for large complex organizations that need to control vast amounts of employees. Thus, no office is left uncontrolled in the organisation. This system suffers from too much of red tape and paper work. Bureaucracies are arrangements of formal positions.
Some of the major characteristics of bureaucracy model as stated by Max Weber are Technical expertise, division of labor, rules policies and procedures, impersonal contribution, and strict chain of command. It is important to note that daft refers to relationship between Structure and Strategy as Two-Way. In volatile situations, though, this inability to quickly change directions can present real problems. Rationality: A measure of objectivity is ensured by prescribing in advance the criteria far decision making in routine situations. The bureaucratic model may be suitable for government organizations. Bureaucracy, Maslow's hierarchy of needs, Max Weber 1699 Words 5 Pages impossible.
This is not to say that Megan should not be friendly with her employees; rather, Megan should be professionally friendly with her employees and work to maintain a clear separation between business and pleasure. Administrative Class: Bureaucratic organisations generally have administrative class responsible for maintaining coordinative activities of the members. Too much emphasis on rules and regulations. Weber deeply influenced social theory, social research and the study of society itself. Bureaucracies are loathed because of the tremendous amount of time, paperwork and review involved in getting anything accomplished through them. Specially the following aspects of bureaucracy work against efficiency of the organisation, though they are supposed to contribute to efficiency: 1.
Each office in the bureaucratic organisation has specific sphere of competence. Central authority in bureaucracy makes it effective in organizing. Amongst others Universities, hospitals and public accounting firms use the professional bureaucratic structure. It has rigidity, impersonality, excessive cost of control, excessive dependence on superiors, tendency to ignore organisational goals. All documents have to be maintained in their draft and original forms.
They are made to obey the readymade plans, they do not seek for new ways and ideas. The school as a system has goals to meet. Mechanistic Exerting intense and tight control, bureaucracies tend to work like machines made up of different gears and cogs, every part functioning and serving entirely. Every employee should function with impersonal approach, while performing duties. Reading Max Weber, it is easy to see that modern times represent not many new occasions for reflection. These ideal types can be legitimate in one country at different times. It is hierarchical structure of organization.