Can you see yourself in here somewhere? According to , Eastern thinkers pay far more attention to the peripheral information and context than Western thinkers—who tend to focus more specifically on individual factors, independent of their environment. But, we show respect in our relationships by being on time. In the workplace, those in a leadership or management position treat time — and by virtue of position — have their time treated differently than those who are of a lower stature position. This is critical, we find, to helping recognition to flourish across a global organization. Finally, the schedule and appointment calendar of the higher status individual will take precedence in determining where, when and the importance of a specific event or appointment. Under this system time is scheduled, arranged and managed.
Instead, their culture is more focused on relationships, rather than watching the clock. Beginning and ending a communication interaction in the workplace is also controlled by the higher-status individual in an organization. It is too soon to tell. Communication theories in action: An introduction. This is why the information flow tends to be very slow.
Controlling the floor in conversation. For example, the boss in most companies can interrupt progress to hold an impromptu meeting during the middle of the work day, yet the average worker would have to make an appointment to see the boss. The important lesson here is that, when it comes to organizing time, we all think that how we do it makes the most sense. Monochrons see time as being divided into fixed elements that can be organized, quantified and scheduled. You will save yourself a lot of grief and it will help you to build one single, more unified international corporate culture, if you know and respect these differences.
Introducing communication theory: Analysis and application. Google does not endorse, and expressly disclaims liability for any product, manufacturer, distributor, service or service provider mentioned or any opinion expressed in answers or comments. A polychron does not want detailed plans imposed upon him, nor does he want to make his own detailed plans. When these cultures cross, expectancy with respect to time is violated and can cause discord between the people involved. Fort Worth: Hardcourt Brace College. They are not ruled by precise calendars and schedules.
Our world is full of confrontations between people since we feel, think and act differently. The terms monochron and polychron have to do with our time sense: how we perceive and manage time. It is almost customary for you to show up after the appointment time. People are expected to do one thing at a time, and they will not tolerate lateness or interruptions. In polycronic cultures, multiple tasks are handled at the same time, and time is subordinate to interpersonal relations.
Within this section of book, I write about a variety of interesting topics having to do with human behavior. Individuals with a present orientation are mostly characterized as pleasure seekers who live for the moment and have a very low risk aversion. The low context and individualistic culture approaches diplomacy in a lawyerly fashion with draft arguments, a mission and an idea of how they will move the process along. Functions of non-verbal behavior in social interaction. Learn to block off oops — that was the monochronic orientation speaking enough time so that you can go to a bar and enjoy a cup of coffee. Time can also be used as an indicator of status.
In other cultures, time is less significant. They do not view time as a constraint or as a set of limits in which a particular task must be completed. If you live in the United States, Canada or Northern Europe, you live in a monochronic culture. Predictable patterns between cultures with differing time systems. Here are some common differences to keep in mind. They prefer to multi-task, or work on different activities at the same time. We use time to structure both our daily lives and events that we are planning for the future.
Polychronic Time Main article: A is a system where several things can be done at once, and a more fluid approach is taken to scheduling time. They value a certain orderliness and presence of an appropriate time and place for everything. The way we , structure our time and react to time is a powerful communication tool, and helps set the stage for the communication process. If an act is unexpected and is assigned favorable interpretation, and it is evaluated positively, it will produce more favorable outcomes than an expected act with the same interpretation and evaluation. Monochronic People Polychronic People do one thing at a time do many things at once concentrate on the job are highly distractible and subject to interruptions take time commitments deadlines, schedules seriously consider an objective to be achieved, if possible are low-context and need information are high-context and already have information committed to the job are committed to people and human relationships adhere religiously to plans change plans often and easily are concerned about not disturbing others; follow rules of privacy and consideration are more concerned with those who are closely related than with privacy show great respect for private property; seldom borrow or lend borrow and lend things often and easily emphasize promptness base promptness on the relationship are accustomed to short-term relationships have strong tendency to build lifetime relationships Co-Cultural Perspectives on Time While the clash between the monochronic and polychronic perceptions of time can rifle the best of intentions in international settings, similar challenges can occur within a co-culture. On the contrary polychronic societies do not have a linear but rather a cyclic time perception. The time schedules of buses, trains, ferries and many other mediums in Turkey are more of a guide of around what time something is departing or arriving.