India is a land of great variety of natural vegetation. On limestones and steep slopes occurs cypress and in riverine areas is found alder. Trees in t … hese forests do not have a decided season of casting off leaves, because the area remains warm and wet all through the year. The most prominent tree in this region is the Acacia. At the higher altitude of the Himalayas, rhododendrons and junipers are found. Post navigation Most of these areas are used for agriculture.
Further, than these vegetation zones, alpine grasslands appear up to the snowfield. The roots penetrate deep into the soil to get moisture. Wild life species are similarly of a great variety. The natural vegetation will determine the characteristics of the area. Sub-Tropical Pine Forests: This type of vegetation occurs a little west of the wet hill forests at similar altitudes, between 73°E and 88°E longitude, and in some areas in the northeast Khasi hills in Purvanchal. There may be associated patches of canes, palms, bamboos, ferns and lianas which are found along breaks in the vegetation, for instance, along stream banks.
The tidal coasts of India are lined with mangrove vegetation—which grows in brackish as well as fresh water. The commercially useful varieties include rosewood, ebony and mahogany. Trees reach 45 m in height. On the basis of the availability of water, these forests are again divided into moist and dry deciduous. Along with that Deodar, Blue Gum, Pal Ash, Sal, Sandalwood, Ebony, Arjun, Khair, and Bamboo are also seen.
Region is warm and wet throughout the year. These exotic plants have, come from various locations around the world. In short, vegetative communities are subject to many variables that together set limits on the predictability of future conditions. The timber produced in these forests is finegrained and of a durable quality. Most of the areas are used for agriculture. The driest deciduous forests only receive 20 to 39 inches of rain per year. The 'sundari' is most significant tree in these forests.
It is used to treat leprosy, malaria, intestinal worms, skin ulcers, diabetes, hemorrhoids, and asthma, as well as for birth control. Areas where there is no data was collected are gray. These forests are less dense and can be easily exploited. Natural vegetation of India Natural vegetation refers to a plant community that has been left undisturbed over a long time. Reserved Forests: Permanently earmarked for production of timber and grazing is seldom allowed.
The important trees in the moist deciduous forests are teak, sal, shisham, sandalwood, khair, kusum, arjun, mahua, mulberry, etc. Eine Rede, gelesen in der am 14. At higher altitudes, mosses and lichens form part of vegetation. Your email address will vegetation be published. Large tracts of these forests have been cleared to provide more land for agricultural purposes.
Common vegetation found affects lion, tiger , pig, deer and elephant. . Moist Tropical Types: Tropical Wet and Moist Semi-Evergreen Forests: These forests occur in areas having more than 250 cm of rainfall annually. The species of animals are referred to as fauna. Vegetation, on the other hand, refers to the assemblage of plant species living in association with each other in a given environmental frame or ecological frame. So few clumps of grass grow on the sand, some thorny plants, cacti etc. Teak is the most valuable timber.
The mangrove vegetation tolerates relatively high levels of salinity. Previous year questions If a tropical rain forest is removed, it does not regenerate quickly as compared to a tropical deciduous forest. These forests are very dense and composed of tall trees reaching upto the height of about 60 metres. Essay on Natural Vegetation in India The trees in these belts have dense growth, because, the trees in these forests never shed their leaves all at a time in any part of the year. First, the temporal dynamics of disturbance and succession are increasingly unlikely to be in synchrony across any area as the size of that area increases. It is commonly said that most plants growing on the earth are found in the Himalayas.
India is also at meeting zone of three major bio-geographic realms, namely the Indo-Malayan the richest in world the Eurasian and the Afro tropical. Linnaea 12:159—200, 2017-11-07 at the. Article shared by The natural vegetation, generally, grows well where there is enough rainfall. The vegetation consists mainly of evergreen cone bearing trees with needle-shaped leaves and softwood timber. Other species include screw pines, canes and palms. At 4,900 feet, you'll see evergreen trees and vegetation such as teak, sal, bamboo, and cane.
This vegetation type covers a wide variety of species on account of edaphic soil-related factors. In the Western Ghats, the vegetation is sub-tropical in the lower regions and temperate in the higher regions. Imagine yourself walking through India. It is conserved where the land is not fit for cultivation. The neem tree has many medicinal uses. They are found mostly near the equator. Über den Einfluß des Climas auf die Begrenzung der natürlichen Floren.