It was an abstract idea, which gave the nation a concrete form. This pleased many Germans because itwas a step towards total German Unification and it also grantedPrussia more power. After Bismarck encouraged the uprising of German nationalists in Schleswig and Holstein and wrested the two territories from Denmark in the 1864 Danish War, Prussia turned its eyes on Austria. This party opposed many of Bismarck's ideas and enticed him to make restrictions on Catholic education and work. The whole point had been that no one nation should gain excessive power and strength on the Continent.
Supporting the emperor were the nobility, large rural landowners, business and financial elites, the civil service, the Protestant clergy, and the military. In the spring of 1860, Garibaldi came out of his self-imposed exile to lead a latter day Red Shirt army, known as the Thousand, in southern Italy. The most severe tensions emerge after 1871, leading to a series of wars and ultimately led to the First World War in 1914. By Sardinia's encouraging nationalist revolts in Austrian-held territories in Italy, Austria was provoked into the war. Although Bismarck was pleasant to Austria, this was not the case towards the French. French lost the territories it has annexed under Napoleon. Was it perceived as a matter of time from one point on, or did people in the 1800s think that Germany may well have stayed fragmented indefinitely? This was a region of great geographical and ethnic variation and its inhabitants were known as Slavs.
The British Parliament, which had seized power from the monarchy in 1688, was the instrument through which a nation-state, with England at the centre, came to be forged. Explain any three measures introduced by the French revolutionaries to create a sense of collective identity amongst the French people. When a peace was eventually concluded with France its terms included the cession of Alsace and Lorraine by France to Imperial Germany and the payment of an indemnity of 5,000,000,000 francs. With Italian troops at its doorstep, Rome voted in 1870 to join Italy, and left the pope Vatican City as a compromise. Following his model, secret societies were set up in Germany, France, Switzerland and Poland. In January 1871, the Prussian king, William I, was proclaimed the German Emperor in a ceremony held at Versailles.
After a siege of Paris, the Prussians marched into the French capital in January 1871 victorious. How did Balkans become the most serious source of nationalist tension in Europe after 1871? Some instances of social and political extremism allow previously pro-reform conservative elements to support the return of traditional authority. Even the concept of Liberty is personified as a woman. Within a few years the brothers were able to restore the lands they managed to profitability and, in 1841, the brothers agreed a division of the estates between them. How was unification received among the people? An example of this is that each German State still had separate armies, but the armies were under Prussian order.
They lived in overcrowded slums. In 1849 Bismarck was elected to a relatively conservative assembly that was returned, through relatively conservative voting arrangements as approved by the King, to replace a radical assembly that had been dissolved. The female figure became an allegory of a nation. At the conclusion of the Franco-Prussian War, the German princes proclaimed the German nation in Versailles, France, at the Hall of Mirrors. They declared themselves as independent with political rights on the basis of the history.
Cavour had been prime minister of Sardinia since 1850. Answer: Refer to answer 12 Question 46. Weimar Republic A republic, the Weimar Republic 1919—33 , was established with a constitution that provided for a parliamentary democracy in which the government was ultimately responsible to the people. Was it always Bismarck's intention to achieve unification? A year later Otto von Bismarckwas appointed Prime minister of Prussia. The Frankfurt Assembly proposed the unification of Germany as a constitutional monarchy under the King of Prussia who would become emperor of Germany. It was more a combination of the declaration of war by France and Prussia's stunningly quick victory, rather than just the victory itself, that were the twin spurs to unification.
Cavour realized the most powerful nation in northern Italy in the mid-19th century was Austria, who possessed the large and rich territory of Lombardy. How had revolutionaries spread their ideas in many European states after 1815. Bismarck held that an Austrian inspired reform could well disrupt his own agenda of Prussian expansion and consolidation. The unification of Germany was completed as a result of a war between Prussia and France. Garibaldi was furious with Cavour and Sardinia, after he learned that in return for French help against the Austrians, Cavour had ceded Savoy and Nice to France. Bismarck's final step to unification was war with France, but first he had to manipulate countries to be on his side.
The military, which had made unification possible, enjoyed tremendous prestige. Explain the process of unification of Italy. Answer: The female allegory representing the Republic of France is Marianne. So Italy could not continue to be a patchwork of small states and kingdoms. He wanted Piedmont-Sardinia to be a model for the unification of Italy.