The northern colonies in the seventeenth century. APUSH Chapter 4 2019-01-10

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CHAPTER 4: THE NORTHERN COLONIES IN THE SEVENTEENTH CENTURY, 1601

the northern colonies in the seventeenth century

Toleration and Diversity in Pennsylvania 1. The rebellion sparked other slave revolts over the next few years. Disease, which had threatened the survival of many of the early settlements, was much reduced. Puritan church ultimately excommunicates Hutchinson as a heretic and banishes her. Things such as large plantations, cheap labor, and misconceptions of the African race greatly affected the way slavery was viewed in the American colonies. Why were people so discriminatory against the Quakers? Filtering into the backcountry of Pennsylvania, Virginia, and the Carolinas, they established farms on the frontier and grew just enough food to keep themselves going.

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Chapter 4 The Northern Colonies in the Seventeeth Century Flashcards

the northern colonies in the seventeenth century

Joint-stock colonies were only meant to last a few years. The community was first named Newtown then renamed to honor the English town of. For example, Parliament, concerned about possible competition from colonial hatters, prohibited the export of hats from one colony to another and limited the number of apprentices in each hatmaker's shop. In 1857, the by the involving a slave who sued for his freedom on the grounds that his master had taken him into free territory effectively repealed the Missouri Compromise by ruling that all territories were open to slavery. The first Europeans to establish settlements on this continent did not call it America until the 18th century. The majority of African slaves, however, were foreign tribe members obtained from kidnappings, raids, or tribal wars. The crops they grew—barley, wheat, and oats—were the same as those grown in England, so they had little export value compared with the staples of the southern plantations.

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New England Puritan culture and recreation

the northern colonies in the seventeenth century

In 1621, an Indian named taught the colonists how to grow corn and where to catch eels and fish. The variety of religious view in the New England, Middle, and Southern colonies helped evolve the differences between them. In cases involving a white man and a black woman, both were to be flogged, the man fined £5 and held liable for support of any children, and the woman to be sold out of the province. The cotton crop was so important to the Southern colonies, it was nicknamed King Cotton. Instead, the middle colonies sought their African slaves from Dutch Curaçao and later from British Jamaica and Barbados. The slave numbers have increased as well as those of the whites. On the other hand Chesapeake colony was mostly from the Anglelican church who at the time were actually a ruling government and religion was not important.

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Chapter 4 The Northern Colonies in the Seventeeth Century Flashcards

the northern colonies in the seventeenth century

Both structures of each of the governments were politically similar; therefore although on opposite sides, the South and North still had similarities between them. The slaves' resistance to their situation was often passive, involving feigning illness, breaking equipment, and generally disrupting the routine of the plantation, but it occasionally did turn violent. This simple act of authorizing colonization led to the establishment of thirteen English colonies, with the first settlement called Jamestown, located in Virginia. Only a fraction of the enslaved Africans brought to the New World ended up in British North America. These agriculturalists owned small amounts of property and a limited if any enslaved labor force. They arrived just before winter.

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Northern And Southern Colonies In The 17th Century , Sample of Essays

the northern colonies in the seventeenth century

On the international scene, the colonies could not escape the great power rivalry between England and France. Why was the initial and subsequent colonization of the Massachusetts Bay Colony more successful than Plymouth? They both had the law that enforced the power of the first. Both were to be flogged, and the woman bound out to service to support any children resulting from the illicit union. Abolition became a goal only later, due to military necessity, growing anti-slavery sentiment in the North and the self-emancipation of many African Americans who fled enslavement as Union troops swept through the South. North Carolina While the southern part of Carolina produced thriving economies on rice and indigo a plant that yields a dark blue dye used by English royalty throughout the 18th century, the northern part of Carolina—later established as the separate colony of North Carolina—turned more toward tobacco production, like its neighbor Virginia.

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Colonial Society and Economy

the northern colonies in the seventeenth century

However, social conditions were not the only differences between the. Colonialism, Connecticut, Former British colonies 754 Words 4 Pages How did Spanish success in the New World influence the English colonial efforts? Between 1672 and 1713, the company bought 125,000 captives on the African coast, losing 20% of them to death on the Middle Passage, the journey from the African coast to the Americas. Then I will be talking about one specific colony, Virginia. Wealthy planters cultivated rice and other cash crops along the southeastern coast, while backwoods subsistence farmers were pushed out to the Appalachian Mountains and backcountry in the later part of the 18th century. Excellent harbors and some inland waterways offered protection for ships and were also valuable for fresh water fishing. Most Africans sold into slavery during the Second Atlantic System were sent to the Caribbean sugar islands as European nations developed economically slave-dependent colonies through sugar cultivation. New England, Politics, Social class 531 Words 2 Pages The Middle and Northern colonies differed considerably in their geographical aspects, leading to dissimilar social and political features.

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Chapter 4: The Northern Colonies In The Seventeenth Century Flashcards by ProProfs

the northern colonies in the seventeenth century

They are still undecided which colony would be the best to settle and build their new homes. The North and South also had legislatures that had the power to create, amend, and ratify the laws. The climate was a benefit since it prevented deadly diseases from spreading but it has a negative side as well: the harsh winters killed lots of people. During the colonial period the development of the Virginia and Massachusetts colonies was greatly influenced by the effects of the search for riches and power. The social structure of the colonies. The First Atlantic System refers to the 16th-century period in which Portuguese merchants dominated the West African slave trade—supplying Spanish and Portuguese New World colonies with imported African labor. Describe the cultural and social changes that Indian communities underwent in response to English colonization.

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Chapter 4: The Northern Colonies In The Seventeenth Century Flashcards by ProProfs

the northern colonies in the seventeenth century

While laws in the tobacco colonies had already made slavery a legal institution, new laws were passed toward the end of the 17th century that severely curtailed black freedom and laid the foundation for racial slavery. By the early 18th century, Connecticut and Massachusetts had to recognize mulattoes as a separate race classification. In the Chesapeake area, slaveholding was far from universal, and many of the plantations had fewer than twenty slaves. Aside from the rare paintings as mentioned above, Puritan women created handicrafts and also enjoyed sewing and creating fine fabrics. There are even from the beginning frequently dissidents. John Smith settled in Jamestown, which is a part of the southern colony, looking for gold, however, ends up by growing and trading tobacco to make money; John Winthrop came into New England, which is a part of the northern colony, for religious free; William Pann came into Pennsylvania to.

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Slavery in America

the northern colonies in the seventeenth century

Families are more likely to arrive together facilitating the religious structure of society. In 1675 problems escalate into open warfare in the west. Triangular Trade The term triangular trade is used to characterize much of the Atlantic trading system from the 16th to early 19th centuries, in which three main commodity-types—labor, crops, and manufactured goods—were traded in three key Atlantic geographic regions. Lumber was also a resource that could be exported back to , where there was a shortage of wood. Both lands had royal governors who controlled and ruled. First thanksgiving occurs in the fall of 1621. Rice cultivation in the southeastern United States became less profitable with the loss of slave labor after the American Civil War, and it finally died out just after the turn of the 20th century.

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CHAPTER 4: THE NORTHERN COLONIES IN THE SEVENTEENTH CENTURY, 1601

the northern colonies in the seventeenth century

Once sold to the European traders, African captives were brought to the slave ships for the voyage to the Americas. In the northern cities, wealth was increasingly concentrated in the hands of the merchants; below them was the middle class of skilled craftsmen and shopkeepers. A significant percentage of Atlantic shipping was on vessels built in the colonies, and shipbuilding stimulated other crafts, such as the sewing of sails, milling of lumber, and manufacturing of naval stores. Essays on puritans and puritanism. The two colonies with the strongest religious foundations -- Massachusetts and Pennsylvania -- were the ones that outlawed miscegenation outright.

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