The poem is like a split between the past and the present. So if we take from these dual meanings, we can conclude that his father's actions expressed a kind of dutiful love that was fulfilled each time, unfailingly. Since it is a Sunday, we assume it is in preparation for Sunday Mass at church. The author writes the poem as a reflection as to remember the dedicated pain staking work the father engaged in on a regular basis, working even on Sundays. As the child worried over the disrepair of the house, the father continued his duties in spite of the problems. The first stanza consists of five lines followed by the second containing four lines and like the first stanza the last consists of five lines.
Consonance It is a type of alliteration where the consonant sounds are repeated. He attended Detroit City College and later went on to work at the Federal Writers' Project. The son woke up to feel the cold break with the fire, and his father called him when it was warm, he would dress, so that his father would not lecture him. Rhythm is created in the placement of certain words and punctuation, causing the reader to read the poem a certain way. It is also based in a cold winter night, much like the weather back in Detroit, where Hayden grew up.
Now, as an adult, the son understands that his father communicated his love through his actions. He comments that these words serve in linking the connection between the father, the son and the harsh weather. The son spoke indifferently to the man who drove out the cold and polished his shoes. He was raised, however, as Robert Hayden, the name given by his foster parents. What seems to motivate each of these characters? Through the use of imagery, contrast, time and space, emotion, and questioning, the poem is fully able to accomplish its purpose. The father being driven by fires that he cannot understand or realize himself. The very unrythmed poem begins with a very simple line letting you know what tone and mood the poem is set in.
Biespiel comments on the repetition of the consonant sound k in the vivid image rich vocabulary that is used throughout the poem. His backward look at his father is belatedly warm and appreciative. He thinks back and his tone is of admiration and respect. The first and second stanza refers in detail to the sacrifices made by the father, and in illustrating this, the poet reveals his awareness of the arduous nature of these tasks. As an adult he is finally able to understand and there is a new admiration for his father in this discovery. It is about a man who on 'Sundays too', worked everyday to support his family but, 'No one ever thanked him'. I'd wake and hear the cold splintering, breaking, When the rooms were warm, he'd call and slowly I would rise and dress, fearing the chronic angers of that house, Speaking indifferently to him who had driven out the cold and polished my good shoes as well.
Have students consider the dominant sounds in each stanza and look back on their sketches to see if they can detect patterns and variations among sounds, as they are associated with each character and with the larger meaning of the work. He uses this setting to knowledgeably compare his cold actions to the weather mentioned in the poem. He enrolled in the University of Michigan in 1941, winning a Hopwood Award during the time. The poem enabled discovery and your own interpretation that is not necessarily wrong or right. It consists of four sentences broken up into three stanzas.
After a long working week his cracked hands that ached now tend to the life affirming fire. A soft-spoken gentleman behind thick-lensed glasses, he put me at ease with his unassuming camaraderie. These poems are important because they deal with the complex issues surrounding the subject of abuse and also show the different ways which children react to it. Part of the reason why the poem was so powerful was because of the last line. His regret is evident in the last two lines when he voices his guilt by saying that back then he didn't know that love could come in the form of strict and simple actions, which were also dutifully fulfilled by the father, but missed by the speaker up until this moment. Now we here at Shmoop are not morning people, so this is impressive in and of itself. With a lack of concrete description and definition, much is to be assumed and formulated by the reader.
The elder Hayden was a severe, stern person not given to demonstrations of familial affection. The tone that the speaker provides to us through his 3 stanza poem is how he feels about the theme. As he recalls his past, the now-adult speaker feels a mixture of gratitude and guilt. Alliteration Alliteration refers to the repetition of the initial consonants' sound when placed close to each other. Where is the word home? The winter imagery is used to represent his cold heart towards his father at times and the misery he felt while growing up. Chronos is involved with the past eating up the future, wielding the classic harvest scythe, suppressing joy. His father works hard so the son may lead a more comfortable and privileged life.
Auden, an acclaimed poet, who taught him to focus on technicality and structure, which became a major essence of Hayden's works. Then, once the speaker had hauled himself out of bed, he'd talk to his dad, but not with any kind of enthusiasm or affection. Assonance This is another form of alliteration that refers to the repetition of the vowel sounds. Yet, if we look deeper we see that this poem has a central theme of love and need. His adoptive father was a strict Baptist and manual laborer.
Then ask them to use a text box below each image to explain its significance. It is a way of solving for the unknowns. Teachers might consider beginning their classroom study of the poem with a discussion of the voice. Its purpose was to connect the emotions to the reader and through the many literary devices used, it was able to do so. The speaker's ignorance is reflected in the penultimate line: What did I know, what did I know of love's austere and lonely offices? Stanza 3 The narrator tells us that he was cold and indifferent towards his father, someone who had cared for him by doing simple things like keeping him warm and polishing his shoes for church. This poem is not a very nice poem for many reasons. A part of the reason why I was really drawn into this poem was because I had some relevance to it.